Hydrochloric acid is an important and widely used chemical. The largest end uses for hydrochloric acid are steel pickling, oil well acidizing, food manufacturing, producing calciumchloride, and ore processing. Hydrochloric acid is a corrosive liquid, and it must be stored and handled with this hazard in mind.
Hydrochloric Acid Uses - Steel PicklingSteel pickling is the process by which iron oxides and scale are removed from the surface of steel by converting the oxides to soluble compounds. Hydrochloric acid is used primarily for continuous pickling operations in which hot-rolled strip steel is passed through a countercurrent flow of acid solution.
Hydrochloric Acid Uses - Oil Well AcidizingHydrochloric acid is used both to remove rust, scale and undesirable carbonate deposits in oil wells to encourage the flow of crude oil or gas to the well. An acid solution is injected into the formation, which dissolves a portion of the rock and creates a large pore structure in the formation, increasing its effective permeability and the flow of oil.
Hydrochloric Acid Uses - FoodA major use of hydrochloric acid by the food industry is for the production of cornsyrup such as high-fructose cornsyrup (HFCS). Hydrochloric acid is also used in other food processing applications, including the production of hydrolyzed vegetable protein and soy sauce.
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